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Course structure


Bachelor's and Master's programmes are characterised by clear division into individual components, known as modules. There are compulsory and supplementary modules. In these modules, students must gain a certain number of credit points.

  • All courses and the work completed are assigned points as part of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). This system has now been introduced in most European countries and aims to make courses studied comparable across Europe. It also allows students easy recognition of courses studied in another country.
  • One credit point corresponds to 20 hours of work: This includes teaching courses, placements and work at home (preparing for and following up lectures). A minimum number of credit points must be obtained in each module.


The requirement for completing a study programme

is evidence of a particular number of credit points. For a Bachelor's programme, usually 180 ECTS points are required. However, there are also Bachelor's programmes that require 210 or even 240 ECTS points. A Master's programme requires 120 credits. The final grade is made up of the grades obtained in all components of the course.

At the end of the course a written dissertation on a topic of the student's choice is normally produced within four to six months. There are also final written examinations and oral examinations in the subjects studied.

The course is completed when the final examinations have been passed and the degree has been awarded.

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