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Glossary E

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ECTS
European Credit Transfer System: Aims to make courses studied by students at European institutions comparable and to enable courses taken at a foreign institution to be recognised. Credits are assigned for courses studied and the required minimum total must be achieved by the end of the course.

Einwohnermeldeamt
In Germany, a local authority where all citizens and foreign students are obliged to register their address in that particular area.

Enrolment
Registration for a particular course of study (see: Immatriculation) or a particular lecture course.

Entrance qualification
(Ger. "Hochschulreife") General term for all school-leaving qualifications that entitle students to enter higher education.

Equivalent
Document or qualification of equal standing

ERASMUS
Programme forming part of the EU's SOCRATES scheme for cross-border co-operation in various areas of general education. ERASMUS includes various schemes in higher education, particularly financial support for studying or lecturing in other countries within the EU. As part of this programme, many German institutions have exchange partnerships with institutions in other EU countries, Turkey, and certain countries in Eastern Europe.

ESG
Abbreviation for "Evangelische Studierendengemeinde" - the protestant students' organisation.

EU
Abbreviation for European Union: "The lawful association of 27 European states to combine their political and economic power, to prevent war with one another, to improve the living standards of citizens and to gain a greater voice for Europe in the world." (Definition by the European Commission) EU citizens and their family have equal legal status to German nationals. However, transitional arrangements are still in place for citizens of recent EU accession states.

European Economic Area (EEA)
Region that includes all European Union (EU) member states, along with Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, and Norway.

Examination commission
Commission that receives registrations for particular examinations within a course and decides on acceptance of studies completed at other institutions.

Examination rules
The examination rules for each course specify the requirements that an applicant must meet, what needs to be achieved during their studies and the form of the final assessment. The examination rules are normally applicable in conjunction with the course rules.

Examinations office
Central department in an institution where students have to register for particular examinations and dissertations. When registering for an examination, you must document your study history: Present all completion certificates and prove which courses you have attended.

Exmatriculation
Opposite of immatriculation: Removal from the register of students at an institution.

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